American History Slavery Race Gender Sex Rape Power American Slavery Abstract There is ample evidence of sexual relations, from rapes to what appear to be relatively symbiotic romantic partnerships, between white slave masters and black women in the Antebellum South.
Nov 2, Fundamental concepts about culture and family dynamics should be understood by providers so they may best address how the unique family experience of an individual patient affects decision-making, compliance, and successful treatment outcomes.
Interdependence Cultures differ in how much they encourage individuality and uniqueness vs. Individualistic cultures stress self-reliance, decision-making based on individual needs, and the right to a private life. Extended Family Models In western cultures, and particularly in European American culture, families typically follow a nuclear model comprised of parents and their children.
When important health care-related decisions must be made, it is usually the parents who decide, though children are raised to think for themselves and are encouraged to act as age-appropriate decision makers as well.
Upon reaching adulthood, when parental consent is no longer an issue, young American adults may choose to exercise their right to privacy in health care matters. This is markedly different from collectivist cultures that adhere to an extended family model. In cultures such as American Indian, Asian, Hispanic, African, and Middle Eastern, individuals rely heavily on an extended network of reciprocal relationships with parents, siblings, grandparents, aunts and uncles, cousins, and many others.
Many of these people are involved in important health care decisions, including some who are unrelated to the patient through blood or marriage. For example, in some Hispanic families the godparents play a critical role.
Multi-generational Households It is very common for families in collectivist cultures to establish multi-generational households.
This is less true when a family becomes acculturated in the United States or other western countries where privacy is more highly valued and in cases where socio-economic gains create opportunities for greater independence. In most multi-generational households, there are at least three generations living together; the grandparents are expected to live under the same roof as their adult children and grandchildren.
This is the reverse of how European American family households usually function. In traditional Asian families, it is the oldest male in the family who brings his bride to live with his parents. The daughter-in-law is often expected to be submissive to her mother-in-law who rules the roost.
In Hispanic families, grandparents from either side may live under that same roof as their children and grandchildren. Mothers often gain a great deal of support from the grandmothers in domestic matters, but this varies depending on the dynamics unique to each family.
Who are the authority figures? In Asian and Hispanic traditional families, the father is the main authority figure. He will most often make decisions about matters outside the home, speaking for the family in public settings and signing consent forms.
It is usually a female figure who takes charge of domestic life. In unilineal cultures, family membership is traced either through a male or female ancestor. Thus it makes sense that a Navaho maternal uncle might bring his nephew into the hospital expecting to be empowered to sign an informed consent.
Similarly, in both American Indian and African American families, role flexibility can be an important issue.
It is not uncommon for Native American grandparents to raise grandchildren while the parents leave the reservation to find work.
In African American families, the mother sometimes plays the role of the father and thus functions as the head of the family. In addition, older children sometimes function as parents or caretakers for younger children. The concept of role flexibility among African American families can be extended to include the parental role assumed by grandfather, grandmother, aunts, and cousins.Analysis of Representations of African Americans in Non-linear Streaming Media Content However, research illustrates a large relationship between media portrayals and individual attitudes.
In , communications researcher Gerbner conducted a large-scale research project titled “The Cultural African American men have been stereotyped. Equality in African Relationships: The problem with SOME Men, SOME Women and our Society By Folasayo Dele-Ogunrinde Folasayo Dele-Ogunrinde is a New York based Nigerian artiste whose life revolves around her creative endeavors.
African-American dance, like other aspects of African-American culture, finds its earliest roots in the dances of the hundreds of African ethnic groups that made up African slaves in the Americas as well as influences from European sources in the United States.
Dance in the African tradition, and thus in the tradition of slaves, was a part of. Drawing on qualitative data from interviews of 52 married Black men, this study explored why Black women are disproportionately single. Black women are less likely to marry or remarry than Black men or their female peers of other racial groups (American Fact Finder, ; Banks, ; .
Cultural variations in gender roles and permitted gender behaviors may play an important role in cases of sexual violence by men from one culture on women from a different culture.
Sexual bargaining is a social process by which potential partners communicate interest/disinterest in pursuing a sexual relationship with each other.[ 39 ]. Sex Differences in Relationships: Comparing Stereotypes to sSelf-reports These researchers contend that stereotypes inflate differences between men and women when, in fact, men and women think and behave similarly most of the time.
Caucasian (80%), though 7 % were African American, and 3% were Hispanic. Materials.