Table of Contents Overall Analysis and Themes The prominent place the Symposium holds in our canon comes as much as a result of its literary merit as its philosophical merit.
Wikicommons He whom love touches not walks in darkness. As Nietzsche put it in his book ofThe Gay Science, Here and there on earth we may encounter a kind of continuation of love in which this possessive craving of two people for each other gives way to a new desire and lust for possession—a shared higher thirst for an ideal above them.
But who knows such love? Who has experienced it? Its right name is friendship. In other words, if erotic love can be transformed into the best kind of friendship, then it can open up a blissful life of shared understanding in which desire, friendship, and philosophy are in perfect resonance with one another.
That having been said, Plato distinguishes the kind of love that can give rise to philia from a baser kind of love that is enjoyed by those who are more given to the body than to the soul.
The madness of love arises from seeing the beauty of the earth and being reminded of true, universal beauty. In contrast, the earthly soul that is able to remember true, universal beauty and so to feel true love gazes upon the face of his beloved and reverences it as an expression of the divine—of temperance, justice, and knowledge absolute.
As his eyes catch those of his beloved, a shudder passes into an unusual heat and perspiration. The parts of the soul out of which the wings grew, and which had hitherto been closed and rigid, begin to melt open, and small wings begin to swell and grow from the root upwards.
Like a child whose teeth are just starting to grow in, and its gums are all aching and itching—that is exactly how the soul feels when it begins to grow wings. It swells up and aches and tingles as it grows them.
The lover feels the utmost joy when he is with his beloved and the most intense longing when they are separated. Thus, the desire of the divinely inspired lover can only be fair and blissful to the beloved. In time, the beloved, who is no common fool, comes to realize that his divinely inspired lover is worth more to him than all his other friends and kinsmen put together, and that neither human discipline nor divine inspiration could have offered him any greater blessing.
Thus great are the heavenly blessings which the friendship of a lover will confer upon you Whereas the attachment of the non-lover, which is alloyed with a worldly prudence and has worldly and niggardly ways of doling out benefits, will breed in your soul those vulgar qualities which the populace applaud, will send you bowling round the earth during a period of nine thousand years, and leave you a fool in the world below.
There is in terms of the ideas covered quite a lot of overlap between the Phaedrus and the Symposium. However, whereas in the Phaedrus Plato emphasizes the relationship that love has to the divine and hence to the eternal and infinite, in the Symposium he emphasizes more the relationship that it has to the practice of philosophy, the search for happinessand the contemplation of truth.
In the Symposium, Socrates argues that, if love is not of nothing, then it is of something, and if it is of something, then it is of something that is desired, and therefore of something that is not possessed.
He then relates a conversation that he once had with a priestess called Diotima of Mantinea, from whom he learned the art of love. Love, said Diotima, must not be confused with the object of love, which, in contrast to love itself, is perfectly beautiful and perfectly good.
For Plato, truth and authenticity are a higher value than either reason or love, which aim at them, and a higher value even than happiness, which is merely the manifestation of their presence. Love Essay Examples. total results. An Essay in Praise of Love. words. 2 pages. An Understanding of Marriage. The Description of Metamorphosis Through the Eyes of Gregor Samsa. words. An Analysis of Love According to Socrates, Plato and Aristophanes. 1, words. 4 pages. Love as the Most Common Themes in Literature. 1, Plato’s Symposium examines the topic of love through the speeches of six men. These six men include Phaedrus, Pausanias, Eryximachus, Aristophanes, Agathon, and Socrates. These six men include Phaedrus, Pausanias, Eryximachus, Aristophanes, Agathon, and Socrates.
If love desires but does not possess beautiful and good things, then love cannot, as most people think, be a god. Love is in truth the child of Poverty and Resource, always in need, but always inventive.
He is not a god but a great spirit daimon who intermediates between gods and men. As such, he is neither mortal nor immortal, neither wise nor ignorant, but a lover of wisdom philosophos.
No one who is wise wants to become wise, so too no one who is ignorant wants to become wise. Diotima then told Socrates of the proper way to learn to love beauty.For Plato, truth and authenticity are a higher value than either reason or love, which aim at them, and a higher value even than happiness, which is merely the manifestation of their presence.
Plato’s Symposium is a dialogue of speeches given by different orators on the topic of love. These discourses allow several views of philosophy to be expressed.
These philosophical views relate and compliment the speaker’s view of love. Dec 16, · Plato: The Life of Plato Plato was born around BC, in Athens Greece to rich and politically involved family.
Plato's parents spared no expense in educating him; he was taught at .
For I assume that by knowing the truth you mean knowing things as they really are. (Plato) The philosopher is in love with truth, that is, not with the changing world of sensation, which is the object of opinion, but with the unchanging reality which is the object of knowledge.
with little commentary or analysis in the same way the mind. An 8 page analysis of three of Plato's Dialogues, showing how Plato actually diverted our attention from the truth under the guise of revealing it.
Considerable emphasis is laid on Plato's methods, with examples from the three works. Different from the earlier five speakers who regard Love as an object and praise different sides of it, Socrates, referring to Diotima’s idea, considers Love as a pursuit of beauty gradually from “physical beauty of people in general” (Symposium, Plato, 55) to the “true beauty” (55).