January 7, ] volution is the cornerstone of modern biology. It unites all the fields of biology under one theoretical umbrella. It is not a difficult concept, but very few people -- the majority of biologists included -- have a satisfactory grasp of it.
Young Earth creationists such as Ken Ham and Doug Phillips believe that God created the Earth within the last ten thousand years, literally as described in the Genesis creation narrative, within the approximate time-frame of biblical genealogies detailed for example in the Ussher chronology.
Most young Earth creationists believe that the universe has a similar age as the Earth. A few assign a much older age to the universe than to Earth. Creationist cosmologies give the universe an age consistent with the Ussher chronology and other young Earth time frames.
Other young Earth creationists believe that the Earth and the universe were created with the appearance of age, so that the world appears to be much Essay about creationism v evolution than it is, and that this appearance is what gives the geological findings and other methods of dating the Earth and the universe their much longer timelines.
Old Earth creationism Main article: Old Earth creationism Old Earth creationism holds that the physical universe was created by God, but that the creation event described in the Book of Genesis is to be taken figuratively.
This group generally believes that the age of the universe and the age of the Earth are as described by astronomers and geologistsbut that details of modern evolutionary theory are questionable. Gap creationism Gap creationism, also called "restoration creationism," holds that life was recently created on a pre-existing old Earth.
This version of creationism relies on a particular interpretation of Genesis 1: It is considered that the words formless and void in fact denote waste and ruin, taking into account the original Hebrew and other places these words are used in the Old Testament.
And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters. Gap theorists can therefore agree with the scientific consensus regarding the age of the Earth and universe, while maintaining a literal interpretation of the biblical text.
This is thought to be "the world that then was" mentioned in 2 Peter 3: Day-age creationism Day-age creationism states that the "six days" of the Book of Genesis are not ordinary hour days, but rather much longer periods for instance, each "day" could be the equivalent of millions, or billions of years of human time.
The physicist Gerald Schroeder is one such proponent of this view. Progressive creationism Progressive creationism holds that species have changed or evolved in a process continuously guided by God, with various ideas as to how the process operated—though it is generally taken that God directly intervened in the natural order at key moments in Earth history.
This view accepts most of modern physical science including the age of the Earth, but rejects much of modern evolutionary biology or looks to it for evidence that evolution by natural selection alone is incorrect.
Philosophic and scientific creationism Main article: Creation science Creation science, or initially scientific creationism, is a pseudoscience      that emerged in the s with proponents aiming to have young Earth creationist beliefs taught in school science classes as a counter to teaching of evolution.
Common features of Creation science argument include: Neo-creationism Neo-creationism is a pseudoscientific movement which aims to restate creationism in terms more likely to be well received by the public, by policy makers, by educators and by the scientific community.
It aims to re-frame the debate over the origins of life in non-religious terms and without appeals to scripture. Aguillard that creationism is an inherently religious concept and that advocating it as correct or accurate in public-school curricula violates the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment.
This leads to an open and often hostile opposition to what neo-creationists term " Darwinism ", which they generally mean to refer to evolutionbut which they may extend to include such concepts as abiogenesisstellar evolution and the Big Bang theory. Unlike their philosophical forebears, neo-creationists largely do not believe in many of the traditional cornerstones of creationism such as a young Earth, or in a dogmatically literal interpretation of the Bible.
Intelligent design Main article: Intelligent design Intelligent design ID is the pseudoscientific view   that "certain features of the universe and of living things are best explained by an intelligent cause, not an undirected process such as natural selection.
Doverthe court found that intelligent design is not science and "cannot uncouple itself from its creationist, and thus religious, antecedents,"  and hence cannot be taught as an alternative to evolution in public school science classrooms under the jurisdiction of that court.
Aguillard and Epperson v. Arkansasand by the application of the Lemon testthat creates a legal hurdle to teaching intelligent design in public school districts in other federal court jurisdictions.
Geocentric model In astronomythe geocentric model also known as geocentrism, or the Ptolemaic systemis a description of the Cosmos where Earth is at the orbital center of all celestial bodies.
This model served as the predominant cosmological system in many ancient civilizations such as ancient Greece.
As such, they assumed that the Sun, Moon, stars, and naked eye planets circled Earth, including the noteworthy systems of Aristotle see Aristotelian physics and Ptolemy. Articles arguing that geocentrism was the biblical perspective appeared in some early creation science newsletters associated with the Creation Research Society pointing to some passages in the Bible, which, when taken literally, indicate that the daily apparent motions of the Sun and the Moon are due to their actual motions around the Earth rather than due to the rotation of the Earth about its axis for example, Joshua The Church Was Right Most contemporary creationist organizations reject such perspectives.
Omphalos hypothesis The Omphalos hypothesis argues that in order for the world to be functional, God must have created a mature Earth with mountains and canyons, rock strata, trees with growth rings, and so on; therefore no evidence that we can see of the presumed age of the Earth and age of the universe can be taken as reliable.
The idea has been criticised as Last Thursdayismand on the grounds that it requires a deliberately deceptive creator. Theistic evolution Main article: Theistic evolution Theistic evolution, or evolutionary creation, is a belief that "the personal God of the Bible created the universe and life through evolutionary processes.
Following the publication of Vestiges of the Natural History of Creationthere was interest in ideas of Creation by divine law. In particular, the liberal theologian Baden Powell argued that this illustrated the Creator's power better than the idea of miraculous creation, which he thought ridiculous.Creationism vs.
Evolution Essay - Since the Age of the Enlightenment, the institution of religion has had to contend with the opposition of science regarding the issues of the origins of the world and of the human species.
Up until around the end of the 17th century, the church was the authority on how the world and everything in it had come to be. There was a pretty massive shift in the s and s when northern Democrats starting supporting the civil rights movement (among other things).
Just under half of Britons accept the theory of evolution as the best description for the development of life, according to an opinion poll. Furthermore, more than 40% of those questioned believe that creationism or intelligent design (ID) should be taught in school science lessons.
”. Jonathan Wells in his book The Icons of Evolution gives ten of what he calls 'icons of evolution' that he claims are false and that the evidence is against Darwinian evolution.
This document demonstrates that it is Wells that has made many false claims.
Religion/science conflicts & "hot" topics Menu Beliefs about the origins & development of the species, the Earth, & the rest of the universe. Beliefs include Naturalistic Evolution. THE FALSE ALLURE OF GROUP SELECTION.
Human beings live in groups, are affected by the fortunes of their groups, and sometimes make sacrifices that benefit their groups.