Many people see Huckleberry Finn as a mischievious boy who is a bad influence to others. Huck is not raised in agreement with the accepted ways of civilization.
The Controversy and the Challenge Resources on this Site: The Struggle for Tolerance by Peaches Henry. Racism and Huckleberry Finn by Allen Webb includes list of works for teaching about slavery. The Struggle for Tolerance: Black Perspectives on Huckleberry Finn, In the long controversy that has been Huckleberry Finn's history, the novel has been criticized, censored, and banned for an array of perceived failings, including obscenity, atheism, bad grammar, coarse manners, low moral tone, and antisouthernism.
Eliot, by declaring it "a masterpiece," 3 struck the novel certainly its most fateful and possibly its most fatal blow.
Trilling's and Eliot's resounding endorsements provided Huck with the academic respectability and clout that assured his admission into America's classrooms.
Huck's entrenchment in the English curricula of junior and Essay questions for huck finn high schools coincided with Brown vs. Topeka Board of Education, the Supreme Court case that ended public school segregation, legally if not actually, in Desegregation and the civil rights movement deposited Huck in the midst of American literature classes which were no longer composed of white children only, but now were dotted with black youngsters as well.
In the faces of these children of the revolution, Huck met the group that was to become his most persistent and formidable foe. For while the objections of the Gilded Age, of fundamentalist religious factions, and of unreconstructed Southerners had seemed laughable and transitory, the indignation of black students and their parents at Essay questions for huck finn portrayal of blacks in Huck Finn was not at all comical and has not been short-lived.
The presence of black students in the classrooms of white America the attendant tensions of a country attempting to come to terms with its racial tragedies, and the new empowerment of blacks to protest led to Huck Finn's greatest struggle with censorship and banning.
Though blacks may have previously complained about the racially offensive tone of the novel, it was not until September that the New York Times reported the first case that brought about official reaction and obtained public attention for the conflict.
The book was no longer available for classroom use at the elementary and junior high school levels, but could be taught in high school and purchased for school libraries.
Though the Board of Education acknowledged no outside pressure to ban the use of Huck Finn, a representative of one publisher said that school officials had cited "some passages derogatory to Negroes" as the reason for its contract not being renewed.
The NAACP, denying that it had placed any organized pressure on the board to remove Huck Finn, nonetheless expressed displeasure with the presence of "racial slurs" and "belittling racial designations" in many of Twain's works. The discontent with the racial attitudes of Huck Finn that began in has surfaced periodically over the past thirty years.
In the Philadelphia Board of Education, after removing Huck Finn, replaced it with an adapted version which "tone[d] down the violence, simplify[d] the Southern dialect, and delete[d] all derogatory references to Negroes.
A decision by the school's principal to yield to the Human Relations Committee's recommendations was later overridden by the superintendent of schools. Since the Fairfax County incident, he has appeared on ABC's "Nightline" and CNN's "Freeman Reports" and has traveled the country championing the cause of black children who he says are embarrassed and humiliated by the legitimization of "nigger" in public schools.
Devoted to the eradication of Huck Finn from the schools, he has "authored" an adapted version of Twain's story. To condemn concerns about the novel as the misguided rantings of "know nothings and noise makers" 11 is no longer valid or profitable; nor can the invocation of Huck's immunity under the protectorate of "classic" suffice.
Such academic platitudes no longer intimidate, nor can they satisfy, parents who have walked the halls of the university and have shed their awe of academe. If the academic establishment remains unmoved by black readers' dismay, the news that Huck Finn ranks ninth on the list of thirty books most frequently challenged 12 should serve as testimony that the book's "racial problem" is one of more consequence than the ancillary position to which scholars have relegated it.
The debate surrounding the racial implications of Huck Finn and its appropriateness for the secondary school classroom gives rise to myriad considerations.
The actual matter and intent of the text are a source of contention. The presence of the word "nigger," the treatment of Jim and blacks in general, the somewhat difficult satiric mode, and the ambiguity of theme give pause to even the most flexible reader.
Moreover, as numerous critics have pointed out, neither junior high nor high school students are necessarily flexible or subtle readers. The very profundity of the text renders the process of teaching it problematic and places special emphasis on teacher ability and attitude.
Student cognitive and social maturity also takes on special significance in the face of such a complicated and subtle text. The nature of the complexities of Huck Finn places the dynamics of the struggle for its inclusion in or exclusion from public school curricula in two arenas.
Public school administrators and teachers, on the other hand, field criticisms that have to do with the context into which the novel is introduced.
In neither case, however, do the opponents appear to hear each other. Too often, concerned parents are dismissed by academia as "neurotics" 14 who have fallen prey to personal racial insecurities or have failed to grasp Twain's underlying truth.
In their turn, censors regard academics as inhabitants of ivory towers who pontificate on the virtue of Huck Finn without recognizing its potential for harm. School officials and parents clash over the school's right to intellectual freedom and the parents' right to protect their children from perceived racism.
Critics vilify Twain most often and most vehemently for his aggressive use of the pejorative term "nigger. Reading Huck Finn aloud adds deliberate insult to insensitive injury, complain some.
Ballard recalls his reaction to having Huck Finn read aloud "in a predominantly white junior high school in Philadelphia some 30 years ago.
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Aside from the thesis statements above, these quotes alone can act as essay questions or study questions as they are all relevant to the text in an important way.
All quotes from Huck Finn contain page numbers as well. Study Flashcards On Practice Questions CNA State exam at ph-vs.com Quickly memorize the terms, phrases and much more.
ph-vs.com makes it easy to get the grade you want! Huck Finn Analysis is an ongoing theme in Huck Finn of a contrast between natural, free individualism and the expectations of society. Huck feels restricted by social expectations. The Struggle for Tolerance: Race and Censorship in Huckleberry Finn.
Peaches Henry. Satire and Evasion: Black Perspectives on Huckleberry Finn, In the long controversy that has been Huckleberry Finn's history, the novel has been criticized, censored, and banned for an array of perceived failings, including obscenity, atheism, bad grammar, coarse manners, low moral tone, and .
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