Related, but cutting across the formal- informal distinction, are police- patrol and fire- alarm oversight. Police- patrol oversight is oversight activities initiated by members of Congress and conducted by committees acting on their own initiative, like police choosing which areas of a city to patrol. There are several forms which this can take, such as reading documents, commissioning scientific studies, conducting field observations, and holding hearings to question officials and citizens. Police- patrol oversight can be either formal or informal.
The Functions of Congress Congress has five main functions: Lawmaking The primary function of Congress is to pass rules that all Americans must obey, a function called lawmaking. Congress deals in a huge range of matters, from regulating television to passing a federal budget to voting on gun control.
Many of the bills considered by Congress originate with the executive branch, but only Congress can create laws. Parties, interest groups, and constituents all influence members of Congress in their vote choices, and members also compromise and negotiate with one another to reach agreements.
Representing the Functions congress Congress represents the people of the United States. Members serve their constituents, the people who live in the district from which they are elected.
Members must please their constituents if they want to stay in office, and every issue must therefore be considered from the perspectives of those constituents. There are three theories of representation, or how people choose their representatives: Trustee Representation According to the theory of trustee representation, the people choose a representative whose judgment and experience they trust.
The representative votes for what he or she thinks is right, regardless of the opinions of the constituents. A constituent who views his or her representative as a trustee need not pay close attention to political events.
Sociological Representation According to the theory of sociological representation, the people choose a representative whose ethnic, religious, racial, social, or educational background resembles their own. Because the views of people with similar backgrounds tend to be similar, the representative will act in ways that suit his or her constituents.
Thus, constituents do not need to monitor their representatives too closely. Agency Representation According to the theory of agency representation, the people choose a representative to carry out their wishes in Congress.
Those who view their representatives as agents tend to closely monitor their representatives because they must know what the representative does in order to keep him or her accountable.
This theory is also known as the instructed-delegate representation.The bicameral structure of Congress was designed to enable the legislative body and its members to perform certain functions for the political system.
These functions include lawmaking, representation, service to constituents, oversight, public education, and conflict resolution. The Functions of Congress **Draft** This chapter addresses the most important functions of Congress: 1) Lawmaking (setting policy for the country); 2) Oversight of the executive branch; and 3) Constituent service.
AP Gov – Chapter 12 Outline I. THE FUNCTIONS OF CONGRESS The types of governments that were prevalent at the time influenced the authors of the. the national legislative body of the U.S., consisting of: the Senate, or upper house, and the House of Representatives, or lower house, as a continuous institution *Members of Congress serve their constituents, the people who live in the district from which they are elected.
the national legislative body of the U.S., consisting of: the Senate, or upper house, and the House of Representatives, or lower house, as a continuous institution *Members of Congress serve their constituents, the people who .
Sep 04, · What is the main function of the US Congress? Policy Making Policy-making is a key responsibility of Congress, and many of its other functions are related to its policy-making authority.