Responsibilities The responsibilities of the Data Technical Officer include:
This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract In the last decades, the Niger Delta region has experienced rapid growth in population and economic activity with enormous benefits to the adjacent states and the entire Nigerian society.
As the region embarks upon an unprecedented phase of economic expansion in the 21st century, it faces several environmental challenges fuelled partly by the pressures caused by human activities such as oil and gas exploration, housing development, and road construction for transportation, economic development and demographic changes.
This continued growth has resulted in environmental problems such as coastal wetland loss, habitat degradation, and water pollution, gas flaring, destruction of forest vegetation as well as a host of other issues.
This Gis application in nigeria the urgent need to design new approaches for managing remote costal resources in sensitive tropical environments effectively in order to maintain a balance between coastal resource conservation and rapid economic development in developing countries for sustainability.
Notwithstanding previous initiatives, there have not been any major efforts in the literature to undertake a remote sensing and GIS based assessment of the growing incidence of environmental change within coastal zone environments of the study area.
This project is an attempt to fill that void in the literature by exploring the applications of GIS and remote sensing in a tropical coastal zone environment with emphasis on the Gis application in nigeria impacts of development in the Niger Delta region of Southern Nigeria.
To deal with some of the aforementioned issues, several research questions that are of great relevance to the paper have been posed. The questions include, Have there been any changes in the coastal environment of the study area?
What are the impacts of the changes? What forces are responsible for the changes? Has there been any major framework in place to deal with the changes? The prime objective of the paper is to provide a novel approach for assessing the state of coastal environments while the second objective seeks a contribution to the literature.
The third objective is to provide a decision support tool for coastal resource managers in the assessment of environmental impacts of development in tropical areas.
The fourth objective is to assess the extent of change in a tropical ecosystem with the latest advances in geo-spatial information technologies and methods. In terms of methodology, the paper draws from primary and census data sources analyzed with descriptive statistics, GIS techniques and remote sensing.
The sections in the paper consist of a review of the major environmental effects and factors associated with the problem: The project offers some recommendations as part of the conservation strategies.
In spite of concerted efforts by managers to address the problems, results revel that the study area experienced some significant changes in its coastal environments. These changes are attributed to socio-economic and environmental variables. Remote sensing, GIS, Coastal Environment, Environmental Change, Niger Delta Introduction In the last few decades, the Niger Delta region has experienced rapid growth in population and economic activity with enormous benefits to the adjacent states and the entire Nigerian society.
From the time vast oil deposits was discovered in commercial quantities in the Delta in to the present, the Nigerian state profited immensely from the oil fortunes of the region.
Since then the area has grown to become the source of foreign exchange earning for the country. In the new century, the overall contribution of the oil sector to the national economy also grew from 84 percent in and 95 percent in to about Although oil production activity in the Delta has carved a remarkable economic landscape for the country with an enormous contribution to foreign exchange earning, however, there is a negative side.
Petroleum exploration has triggered adverse environmental impacts in the Delta through incessant environmental, socioeconomic and physical disasters that accumulated over the years due to limited scrutiny and lack of assessment [ 1 ].
Such institutionalized negligence has turned the area into an ecosystem under severe stress [ 3 ]. For example, oil industries carried out oil exploration for over four decades with improper environmental impact assessment procedures.
Topics: Geographic information system, Geographic information systems, Geography Pages: 6 ( words) Published: August 23, It can be generally said that GIS involves or entails a computerized system that deals with data in terms of collection from many sources, efficient digital storage, managing and administering of data which includes integration of various data sets into a common database. Nigerian Voting System Modernized: Highlights. Nigeria, one-third larger than Texas in area and the most populous country in Africa, is located on the Gulf of Guinea in West Africa. and development of the Polling Unit GIS application. The data collection equipment comprised 40 Dell laptops, Trimble Navigation GPS units, USB drives, and. No doubt, GIS is embraced in Nigeria. GIS Applications to the Nigerian Power and Energy Sector has recently seen unprecedented growth. As a GIS Training and.
Under these circumstances, the benefits of oil and gas exploration in the region did not generate a positive multiplier effect for the inhabitants of the area.
Elsewhere, the United States Department of Energy USDOE shows that since the inception of oil and gas activities, severe environmental pollution in the Niger Delta involving uninterrupted gas flaring and oil and spillage remains rampant in the region.
One of the most noticeable impacts of the various oil spills and production activities has been the loss of mangrove trees. The spills have had adverse effects on marine life that have become contaminated, and that in turn poses enormous risks to human health from consuming contaminated seafood [ 5 ].
Oil and gas operations have not only caused degradation to the environment within an extremely sensitive ecosystem and destroyed the traditional livelihood of the Niger Delta; but at the same time, environmental pollution has affected weather conditions, soil fertility, waterways and habitats for wildlife and plant life, and has caused acid rain and decreased agricultural yield [ 6 ].
Because of massive exploitation of oil, the ramifications for human health, local culture, indigenous self-determination and the environment are severe.
Accordingly, the economic and political benefits are given more emphasis at the expense of environmental health [ 7 — 8 ]. More precisely other problems consist of flooding and coastal erosion, land degradation, sedimentation, lack of community participation, and weak or non-enforceable laws and regulations [ 9 ].
While the region deals with an ecological siege that accumulated over the last century, it has continued to attract development programs and plans initiated by Global Trans National Companies TNCs in the oil sector as well as public and private entities in the region in different facets of the economy in the 21st century.
Thus as the region embarks upon an unprecedented phase of economic expansion in the 21st century, it faces several environmental challenges fuelled partly by the pressures caused by human activities through oil and gas exploration, housing development, and road construction for transportation, economic development and demographic changes [ 3 ].
This continued growth which in the past has resulted in environmental problems such as coastal wetland loss, habitat degradation, and water pollution, gas flaring, destruction of forest vegetation and a host of other issues requires urgent environmental assessment anchored in the use of the latest advances in geospatial information systems such as remote sensing and geographic information systems GIS.67 Important GIS application and it,s uses.
Read every application in depth and understand how GIS is involved. GIS Applications in Geology: GIS in Dairy Industry: Geographic Information System is used in a various application in the dairy industry, such as distribution of products, production rate, location of shops and their selling.
GIS Applications and Uses GIS in Mapping Mapping is a central function of Geographic Information System, which provides a visual interpretation of data.
GIS store data in database and then represent it visually in a mapped format. People from different professions use map to communicate. View list of all gis March Search and Apply for Latest Jobs in Nigeria, gis, jobs in Nigeria, job vacancies in Nigeria, latest jobs in Nigeria, vacancies in Nigeria, recent jobs in Nigeria, current jobs in Nigeria, latest job in Nigeria, latest job vacancies in Nigeria, Nigeria jobs.
Get naija jobs here. Topics: Geographic information system, Geographic information systems, Geography Pages: 6 ( words) Published: August 23, It can be generally said that GIS involves or entails a computerized system that deals with data in terms of collection from many sources, efficient digital storage, managing and administering of data which includes integration of various data sets into a common database.
No doubt, GIS is embraced in Nigeria. GIS Applications to the Nigerian Power and Energy Sector has recently seen unprecedented growth.
As a GIS Training and. Application of Geographic Information System (GIS) in Mapping Groundwater Quality in Uyo, Nigeria Magnus Uzoma Igboekwe*, Akaninyene Okon Akankpo Department of Physics, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture,Umudike, Abia State, Nigeria E-mail: *[email protected]