Communication Adam Fidler explains the difference between speedwriting and shorthand Two of the biggest questions I get asked by new students who want to learn shorthand is what type of shorthand they should be learning, and what the difference is between speedwriting and shorthand. A system of speedwriting is when someone uses a form of writing that often resembles longhand, to write more quickly. For example, to take down notes at meetings or in lecturers.
Today, most written shorthand systems write by sound as opposed to the actual spelling of words where there is a symbol for each sound.
There are hundreds of shorthand systems out there in a myriad of languages. In English, the systems divide into distinct types: Alphabetic systems such as Speedwriting, Stenoscript, Forkner, and AlphaHand, where sounds are represented by letters of the alphabet as well as a few symbols, c.
Hybrid systems, such as Teeline. While Teeline is based on alphabetic characters, it appears to be much more like a symbol system since so little of each letter is written. The Teeline system is popular in Great Britan but virtually unheard of here in the United States, and d.
Machine systems which require a typewriter or a stenography machine to be written. Today, computers can take machine input and transcribe it with amazing accuracy.
The Gregg alphabet is based on the oval. Size variations represent different sets of related sounds; connected hooks and circles represent the vowels. Written Gregg has a forward slope and graceful forms much like cursive handwriting.
The Pitman alphabet, which is older than Gregg, is linear in form. Written Pitman looks geometric. The circle and straight lines make up the basis of its alphabet.
Different pairs of sounds, represented by short and long strokes in Gregg, are represented by thick and thin strokes in Pitman. Do not forget that steel-tipped pens, the writing implement of the day, could easily produce thickness differences with variations in pressure on the pen.
In fact, Copperplate, Roundhand, and Spencerian Script—the methods of handwriting from back then when Pitman was developed—required thick and thin strokes in order to have the correct form and beauty so students of the time had adequate practice in controlling the thickness of their pen strokes.
Pitman vowels are not connected to the shorthand outline and are indicated with dots and dashes, written after the outline is written. Position of the outline over, on, or through the line of writing also indicates the initial vowel sound, reducing or eliminating the need to go back and place vowel signs to many outlines.
It also necessitated lined paper for writing. But by being able to drop many of the vowel signs, greater speed is achieved. Multiple forms of the same letter may indicate whether a vowel precedes or follows the first consonant.
Pitman, being the first widely used and extremely popular shorthand system capable of high speeds, was copied and modified by many. The Graham and Munson systems are examples of Pitman modifications. In looking at these so-called proofs today, it is clear in many instances the decks were stacked in favor of one system over another.
Soon after the turn of the s, the shorthand machine was developed by Ward Ireland Stone. Claims of writing speeds over w.
We know today that human ears cannot even distinguish individual words at that speed so such claims become moot. However, just to be safe, the pen writers of the day banned machines from entering speed contests.
Speed contests, on two separate occasions, were dropped for many years to prevent machine writers from possibly winning. The dominance of the shorthand machine today is due to the ability of having its keystrokes transcribed via the computer for a quick turnaround of transcripts.
At present, there are computer programs which transcribe human speech directly without the need for a human stenographer. I expect, in the near future, computers will be able to transcribe human speech without the need for lengthy training periods for the computer to recognize individual speech patterns, regional accents, and pronunciation differences with amazing accuracy.
One would expect, as well, that, some day in the not-too-distant future, the cost of such computing capabilities will drop within reach of the average consumer.Apr 25, · Other writing systems that incorporate the letters of the English alphabet have also been developed to aid in faster writing without sacrificing as much readability as shorthand systems.
These writing systems often differ from shorthand by not requiring you to learn new symbols, and by using a system of abbreviating English words%().
Speedwriting is the trademark under which three versions of a shorthand system were marketed during the 20th century. The original version was designed so that it could be written with a pen or typed on a typewriter.
At the peak of its popularity, Speedwriting was taught in more than vocational schools and its advertisements were ubiquitous in . How to Write Words Per Minute With a Pen. Anyone can learn the Gregg alphabet in an afternoon and probably double their writing speed; but to become truly fast—like the remaining handful.
On the other hand, there are common phonemes in English—“sh”, “th”, “ch”—that require a combination of letters in the Roman alphabet, but .
Various systems of speed writing based on alphabetic characters have been introduced over the last 50 years. Among common flaws of these speedwriting systems are limited vocabulary and abbreviations which aren't logical.
Shorthand topic. The Lord's Prayer in Gregg and a variety of 19th-century systems Dutch stenography using the "System Groote" Shorthand is an abbreviated symbolic writing method that increases speed and brevity of writing as compared to longhand, a more common method of writing a language.