Am I supposed to count the title page, abstract, citations, and reference list?
This is a general guide for crafting stand-out conference paper abstracts. It includes recommendations for the content and presentation of the abstract, as well as examples of the best abstracts submitted to the abstract selection committee for the ninth annual North Carolina State University graduate student history conference.
Typically, an abstract describes the topic you would like to present at the conference, highlighting your argument, evidence and contribution to the historical literature. It is usually restricted to words.
The word limit can be challenging: Graduate students who approach the abstract early, plan accordingly, and carefully edit are the ones most often invited to present their research. Follow the basic guidelines below and avoid common pitfalls and you will greatly improve your abstract.
Quick Tips Comply Diligently follow all abstract style and formatting guidelines. Most CFPs will specify page or word length, and perhaps some layout or style guidelines. Some CFPs, however, will list very specific restrictions, including font, font size, spacing, text justification, margins, how to present quotes, how to present authors and works, whether to include footnotes or not.
Make sure that you strictly adhere to all guidelines, including submission instructions. If a CFP does not provide abstract style and formatting guidelines, it is generally appropriate to stay around words — abstract committees read a lot of these things and do not look fondly on comparatively long abstracts.
Be Concise With a word limit, write only what is necessary, avoiding wordiness. Use active voice and pay attention to excessive prepositional phrasing. Be Clear Plan your abstract carefully before writing it. A good abstract will address the following questions: What is the historical question or problem?
It should be original. What is your evidence? State forthrightly that you are using primary source material. How does your paper fit into the historiography? Why does it matter? We know the topic is important to you, why should it be important to the abstract selection committee?
You should be as specific as possible, avoiding overly broad or overreaching statements and claims.
Say what you need to say and nothing more. Keep your audience in mind. How much background you give on a topic will depend on the conference.
Your pitch should be suited to the specificity of the conference: Be Clean Revise and edit your abstract to ensure that its final presentation is error free. The editing phase is also the best time to see your abstract as a whole and chip away at unnecessary words or phrases.
The final draft should be linear and clear and it should read smoothly. If you are tripping over something while reading, the abstract selection committee will as well.
Ask another graduate student to read your abstract to ensure its clarity or attend a Graduate Student Writing Group meeting. Your language should be professional and your style should adhere to academic standards.
Contractions may be appealing because of the word limits, but they should be avoided. Common Pitfalls to Avoid Misusing Questions While one question, if really good, may be posed in your abstract, you should avoid writing more than one maybe two, if really really good.
If you do pose a question or two, make sure that you either answer it or address why the question matters to your conference paper — unless you are posing an obvious rhetorical question, you should never just let a question hang there.
Too many questions takes up too much space and leaves less room for you to develop your argument, methods, evidence, historiography, etc. Often times, posing too many questions leaves the abstract committee wondering if you are going to address one or all in your paper and if you even know the answers to them.
Remember, you are not expected to have already written your conference paper, but you are expected to have done enough research that you are prepared to write about a specific topic that you can adequately cover in minutes.According to the APA style manual, an abstract should be between to words.
Exact word counts can vary from journal to journal. If you are writing your paper for a psychology course, your professor may have specific word requirements, so be sure to ask.
Keywords: conflict, external, internal, transportation, theme, subject. The above example comes from a five-page literature essay, which is why the whole abstract takes no more than words. Still, it does describe the issues raised in the paper and highlights the results the author comes to .
Giant Verb List: 3, Verbs Plus Spelling Rules and Irregular Verbs Marked.
ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY IN APA FORMAT 2 Note: info on creating header for Page 2 & thereafter. Note: different header than on Page 1. Abstract. The written abstract is used in making selections for presentations at scientific meetings. Writing a good abstract is a formidable undertaking and many novice researchers wonder how it is possible to condense months of work into to words. Writing Effective Abstracts •Every article submitted to a journal or a conference must • APA guidelines = words or less • Journal articles: words • Conference abstract: words • Master’s Thesis: words Here are some examples of abstracts in different subjects.
by Pattern Based Writing: Quick & Easy Essay | Grammar / Spelling Ideas & Tips, Vocabulary Development and Word Lists. How to Write a Word Abstract By Alicia Turner ; Updated July 05, An informative abstract is a concise, jargon-free paragraph that explains the topic of a research paper, the research findings, and the author’s conclusions.
The written abstract is used in making selections for presentations at scientific meetings. Writing a good abstract is a formidable undertaking and many novice researchers wonder how it is possible to condense months of work into to words. Writing Effective Abstracts •Every article submitted to a journal or a conference must • APA guidelines = words or less • Journal articles: words • Conference abstract: words • Master’s Thesis: words Here are some examples of abstracts in different subjects.